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Stun Guns Frequently Asked Questions

Below are some of the most frequently asked questions about stun guns. If you can not find an answer to your question here, please e-mail us and we will try to find the answer for you.

1. What is a stun gun?

2. How does a stun gun work?

3. Are stun guns safe?

4. What's the difference between a Stun Gun and a Taser?

5. How do I use a stun gun?

6. Can a stun gun be fired multiple times?

7. Are stun guns legal in my area?

8. Can I travel with a stun gun?

9. Will a stun gun work on those under the influence?

10. What about all those deaths related to Tasers and stun guns?

11. Are there any permanent effects of stun guns, Tasers or pepper spray?

12. Should I choose stun gun or pepper spray?

13. How do I carry a stun gun?

14. What difference does the voltage make?

15. Which of these is the most effective Stun Guns or Tasers?

16. Do stun guns have safety switches to prevent accidental activation?

17. What is the power source for stun guns?

18. What are the sizes and styles of stun guns?

19. Will I be shocked if the attacker touches me when the device is applied?

20. What are Stun Batons?

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1. What is a stun gun?
 A stun gun is a hand-held, battery-powered device designed to deliver an electric shock to an attacker. They are not guns in the traditional sense, because they don’t shoot anything or anybody. A stun gun has two prongs at the end of the device. Touching an attacker with the prongs and pulling the trigger will cause an electrical current to go from the prongs through the attacker’s clothes into his body.
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2. How does a stun gun work?
The stun gun works on the muscular and neural system. It does not rely on high amperage or pain for results. The stun gun dumps its energy into the muscles at a high pulse frequency. This makes the muscles work very rapidly which results in energy loss. It also interrupts the tiny neurological impulses that travel through the whole body to control and direct voluntary muscle movement. This causes disorientation and loss of balance and leaves the attacker in a passive and confused condition for several minutes.

Generally speaking, a one second contact with the device will repel, startle and cause muscle contraction. One to two seconds will cause muscle spasms and a dazed state. Three or more seconds will cause loss of balance and muscle control, mental confusion and severe disorientation. The attacker will be unable to recover for several minutes and effects may last for up to fifteen minutes.
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3. Are stun guns safe?
Stun guns have been proven safe. They cause no permanent damage to an attacker. There is no evidence that the electrical charge of the stun gun has adverse psychological or neurological effects. The effects on the heart or other major organs are very insignificant.

Stun guns will not permanently injure or kill anyone because of the voltage. One amp will kill a person. Most stun guns deliver only 3 milliamps. That is far below the amperage that could do any lasting damage to an individual.
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4. What's the difference between a Stun Gun and a Taser?
The Taser has wires that are fired, lodging probes in the clothing or skin of the assailant. Stun guns must be administered by hand. A Taser can work from a distance (so you actually might say it is more of a "gun" than stun guns). Both products work by dumping large amounts of electrical current into the muscles of the body.
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5. How do I use a stun gun?
Do not discharge the unit into the air for more than one second. Longer durations can damage the units.

To use a stun gun, hold the electrodes firmly against an attacker. Target an area that is harder and slower to move like the upper shoulder or the upper hip. The arms or hands are not good attack points because they can be moved away too quickly. To completely subdue the attacker, the stun gun must be continuously applied for a few seconds. More time is required if the person is large, or you are using a low voltage model.
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6. Can a stun gun be fired multiple times?
Yes. A stun gun can be used many times to ward off attackers before the battery needs recharging or replacement.
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7. Are stun guns legal in my area?
Stun devices are restricted in some areas. HI, MA, MI, NY, NJ, RI and WI are known states where stun devices are restricted. A few cities and counties also have laws restrict its use and ownership. Before buying a stun device, please make sure they are legal where you live. You may check stun gun laws and restrictions for some general guideline. If in doubt, contact your local police department.

8. Can I travel with a stun gun?
When traveling, stun guns should be packed in CHECKED luggage only. They are not allowed in terminal areas of any airport, or in any carry-on luggage. Never attempt to enter a courthouse, government building, public meeting, or sporting event area with a stun device.
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9. Will a stun gun work on those under the influence?
Yes. Stun guns work on those under the influence of alcohol or narcotics, but effects on a person under the influence can vary.
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10. What about all those deaths related to Tasers and stun guns?
From 1999 to 2003, Tasers were used by police forces across the continent. In 70 deaths related to Taser use, it was never shown conclusively that the Taser was the cause of death. A large number of these deaths were investigated and autopsied and no blame laid on Tasers. Many of these heart attack victims were severely intoxicated, with an already increased heart rate due to alcohol or hard drugs like cocaine. In many cases, Tasers were used to disable individuals, where otherwise far more damaging firearms would have been used.

A 1999 study concluded that weapons with a charge weaker than Tasers increased the risk of cardiac malfunction in people with heart conditions. However, according to the company, 100,000 police officers have volunteered to "demonstrate" by taking hits from Taser weapons - with no deaths.
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11. Are there any permanent effects of stun guns, Tasers or pepper spray?
None of these products can directly cause long term damage. Of course, there may be secondary factors. If you stun someone and they fall, they may incur secondarily related injuries.
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12. Should I choose stun gun or pepper spray?
Stun guns and pepper spray both have advantages and disadvantages. A stun gun can only be used at close contact with an attacker, while pepper spray can put a safe distance between you and an attacker (5-10 feet depending on model). Pepper spray must be sprayed in the eyes or inhaled directly to be effective, while stun gun works anywhere on the body. The effectiveness of pepper spray may be affected by wind and rain, and stun gun effectiveness depends on how long you keep the gun on the attacker. It is strongly recommended that you carry both. Do not rely on just one form of defense. For information about pepper spray, see our Pepper Spray FAQ.
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13. How do I carry a stun gun?
Most models are small enough to fit easily inside a pocket or purse, and include a belt clip so the unit can be conveniently worn on the waist. Leather and nylon holsters are also available. A holster can keep a stun gun securely in place. Some design allows quick access.
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14. What difference does the voltage make?
Generally, the higher the voltage, the quicker the full effect of the stun gun, thus more effective. Besides voltage, the delivery method and the amperage of the charge are also important. A lower voltage stun gun with a better method of delivery may be more effective then the stun gun with higher voltage.
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15. Which of these is the most effective Stun Guns or Tasers?
Stun guns and Tasers will incapacitate anyone, even if they are under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
According to some studies, there is a small percentage of the population for whom pepper spray has a limited effect, though others dispute these findings.
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16. Do stun guns have safety switches to prevent accidental activation?
Most models we carry include a safety switch to prevent accidental activation. The unit cannot produce a shock unless the safety switch is activated AND the On/Off switch is turned ON.
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17. What is the power source for stun guns?
The Stun guns we carry require 9-volt Energizer alkaline batteries. Lower voltage units require only one, and the higher voltage units will use two or more.
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18. What are the sizes and styles of stun guns?
Stun guns come in different sizes and shapes. They are designed to be held in an average size hand. Z-force stun guns are intended for those with smaller hands. In most cases, the more volts a stun gun is capable of producing, the longer and heavier it will be.

The "mini" stun gun is usually about four inches long and has a voltage range between 50,000 and 100,000 volts. The stopping power of these compact units is surprisingly good. Talon Mini is an excellent example.

Most stun guns are about six inches long, with voltages ranging from 100,000 to 300,000 volts. They are definitely more effective than the smaller units, but somewhat harder to carry. The Stun Monster, 7.75 inches long, only 2 inches wide, has a voltage of 625,000 volts.

Stun Master and Talon stun guns are available in straight and curved models. While the straight model is the most common, some people prefer the curved model, feeling that the curved design makes it easier to make contact with the attacker.

Stun batons are about 16 to 20 inches long. They allow you to maintain more distance from an attacker, and they also deliver a shock when touched six inches from the tip. This prevents an attacker from grabbing it and taking it away. They are a favorite among security guards.

The element of surprise usually makes stun guns more effective. Some stun guns are disguised as cell phones, flashlights or other ordinary objects so you can catch an attacker off guard.

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19. Will I be shocked if the attacker touches me when the device is applied?
No! The electrical current is absorbed in the muscles and will not pass through to the user, regardless of the conditions. Even if the assailant is holding you, there is no way the current will pass to you.
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20. What are Stun Batons?
Stun Batons use the same technology as Stun Guns to immobilize an aggressor. The electrical discharge that they deliver is non-lethal. However, if you strike the attacker with the stun baton, it may cause serious injury or death in the same manner in which a blow with a standard baton might.  The extended reach of stun batons makes them ideal for police officers and security personnel. However, due to their size, they may be undesirable for some individuals as they do not fit in a pocket or purse.
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